Stage 4 Kidney Disease Life Expectancy
A patient enters Stage 3 chronic kidney disease (CKD) when their glomerular filtration rate, or GfR, is reduced to between 15-30% This indicates decreased kidney function and severe kidney damage. Stage 4 is the last stage before kidney failure
Patients with stage 4 CKD are in the start of end stage kidney disease, and may need dialysis. Patients should also start discussing the possibility of a kidney transplant with their doctor. Life expectancy for stage 4 kidney disease differs between men and women. In general, 40 year old men with stage 4 kidney disease can expect to live for 14 years after diagnosis, and 40 year old women with stage 4 kidney disease can expect to live 16 years. This of course can vary according the lifestyles and ages of the patients. While there is no cure for Stage 4 CKD, patients can take steps to increase their long term survival rates.
Symptoms Of Stage 4 Kidney Disease
When a patient moves from Stage 3 to Stage 4 chronic kidney disease (CKD), symptoms and health problems start to become more noticeable.
Some of these symptoms include:
- Fluid retention, otherwise known as edema
- Pain in the lower back
- Sleep problems
- Orange, red, or dark colored urine
- Increased urination
- Bone disease
How To Extend Life Expectancy For Stage 4 Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD)
While there is no cure for Stage 4 CKD, medical treatment can slow the progression of the disease. Stage 4 CKD is the last stage before complete kidney failure, so patients may need to talk to their doctor about dialysis or a complete kidney transplant.
Living a healthy lifestyle is the best way to slow the progression of kidney disease.
- Eat a healthy diet full of fruits, vegetables, and whole grains
- Exercise 30 minutes per day, 5 days per week
- Stop the use of any tobacco products
- Limit the intake of sodium and refined sugars
- Limit intake of cholesterol and saturated fats
- Limit intake of protein
- Regularly monitor blood pressure
The patient’s doctor may also recommend a medications to treat high blood pressure, anemia, edema, and pain.
Stage 4 Kidney Disease Diet
The diet for stage 4 CKD is not much different from an overall healthy diet. There are a few precautions you should take however.
- Increase the amount of fresh foods and decrease the amount of processed foods in your diet
- Limit your salt intake
- Use different spices in place of salt
- Avoid frozen foods
- Avoid canned foods
- Reduce protein intake
- Choose foods higher in potassium, such as oranges, potatoes, and whole wheat breads and pastas
Stages Of Kidney Disease
Kidney disease has five stages, with stage 1 being the least serious and stage 5 being end stage kidney failure.
Stages are based on glomerular filtration rate tests that are done 90 days apart. Stage 4 kidney disease is the last stage before kidney failure.
Once the glomerular filtration rate, or gfr, decreases to less than 15% the patient is considered to be in Stage 5 of chronic kidney disease.
At less than 30% function the patient will be in Stage 4 kidney disease. Treatment options include dialysis. At Stage 5 kidney disease, the kidneys have become almost unusable, and a transplant will be needed.