Stage 2 Kidney Disease Life Expectancy
A patient enters Stage 2 chronic kidney disease (CKD) when their glomerular filtration rate, or GfR, is reduced to between 60-89% This indicates decreased kidney function and mild kidney damage.
Patients with stage 2 CKD are in the relatively early stages of kidney disease, and do not need a kidney dialysis or kidney transplant. Life expectancy for stage 2 kidney disease differs between men and women. In general, 40 year old men with stage 2 kidney disease can expect to live for 30 years after diagnosis, and 40 year old women with stage 2 kidney disease can expect to live 34 years. This of course can vary according the lifestyles and ages of the patients. While there is no cure for Stage 2 CKD, patients can take steps to increase their long term survival rates.
Symptoms Of Stage 2 Kidney Disease
There may be no noticeable symptoms of stage 2 kidney disease, and no or few noticeable health problems. However, some common symptoms are:
- High level of creatinine or urea in the blood
- Presence of protein or blood in the urine
- Presence of damage seen in an MRI or CAT scan
- High blood pressure
How To Extend Life Expectancy For Stage 2 Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD)
While there is no cure for Stage 2 CKD, you can slow the progression of the disease. Stage 2 CKD patients are not at risk for any immediate kidney failure, so hemodialysis and kidney transplants are not needed.
Living a healthy lifestyle is the best way to slow the progression of kidney disease.
- Eat a healthy diet full of fruits, vegetables, and whole grains
- Exercise 30 minutes per day, 5 days per week
- Stop the use of any tobacco products
- Limit the intake of sodium and refined sugars
- Limit intake of cholesterol and saturated fats
- Regularly monitor blood pressure
Regular visits to the patient’s medical team is also highly recommended.
Stage 2 Kidney Disease Diet
The diet for stage 2 CKD is not much different from an overall healthy diet. There are a few precautions you should take however.
- Increase the amount of fresh foods and decrease the amount of processed foods in your diet
- Limit your salt intake
- Use different spices in place of salt
- Avoid frozen foods
- Avoid canned foods
- Eat heart healthy proteins, such as chicken, fish, and plant based proteins
- Choose foods higher in potassium, such as oranges, potatoes, and whole wheat breads and pastas
Stages Of Kidney Disease
Kidney disease has five stages, with stage 1 being the least serious and stage 5 being end stage kidney failure.
Stages are based on glomerular filtration rate tests that are done 90 days apart. Stage 2 kidney disease is considered mild, with minimal decrease in kidney function.
Once the glomerular filtration rate, or gfr, decreases to less than 59% the patient is considered to be in Stage 3 of chronic kidney disease.
At less than 30% function the patient will be in Stage 4 kidney disease. Treatment options include dialysis. At Stage 5 kidney disease, the kidneys have become almost unusable, and a transplant will be needed.